Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing
2016
3rd - 5th October, 2016
Stellenbosch, South Africa
CIRP

Publications

Title: Investigating short term strategies in product sustainability index implementation, a case study at IKEA Author(s): E. Komassi , R. Pal Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 49 to 53 Session: Entrepreneurship View Abstract Full Paper

Companies are aware of long term benefits of sustainability, and that in the future the competitive landscape will change. However, financial concerns slow down the sustainability development process. This article aims to explore how companies move toward long term benefits of sustainability without compromise in their financial objectives in short term. This study focuses on investigating how companies use sustainability index tool as a component of short term strategy. Findings indicate that companies try to simplify the sustainability assessment and combine it with other decision making tools. This simplification is toward finding potential improvements in the product level. Results are summarized in a model which corresponds to the short term strategy development process toward sustainability. This model describes how company identifies critical products based on financial, strategic and sustainability aspects. The investigation has been performed at children’s IKEA in Sweden.

Title: A conceptual sustainable domain value stream mapping framework for manufacturing Author(s): N. Mohd Yusof , M. Zameri Mat Saman , N. Kumar Kasava Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 54 to 59 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

Adoption of lean manufacturing generally involves waste reduction and its adoption has been successful in improving companies. With increasing awareness on the need for sustainable development, works have been done on sustainability assessment of product design and manufacturing processes. The sustainable manufacturing, 6R method can be adopted to improve the existing design and manufacturing sustainability scores. A conceptual hybrid framework integrating lean manufacturing with sustainable manufacturing theories has been developed thus enabling the benefits from both techniques to be gained. Specifically, the lean manufacturing, value stream mapping tool is integrated with the sustainable manufacturing, 6R method to assist in solving manufacturing problems at process and or plant level sustainably. An indicator, providing the sustainability scores on value adding and non value adding elements at present and future state, has been proposed as part of the framework.

Title: Sustainable value creation through innovative product design Author(s): K.D. Seevers , F. Badurdeen , I.S. Jawahir Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 60 to 65 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

In the field of product development, many organizations struggle to create a value proposition that can overcome the headwinds of technology change, regulatory requirements, and intense competition, in an effort to satisfy the long-term goals of sustainability. Today, organizations are realizing that they have lost portfolio value due to poor reliability, early product retirement, and abandoned design platforms. Beyond Lean and Green Manufacturing, shareholder value can be enhanced and optimized by taking on a broader perspective, and integrating sustainability innovation elements into product designs. This paper presents a framework for achieving the goal of mutual value creation, and identifies the drivers of product design that are used to ultimately create what is termed - The Sustainable Products Value Proposition. Focus is placed on a balanced approach towards the integration of total cost of ownership, social and environmental improvements, and an expanded definition of product life drivers.

Title: Ecological analysis of manufacturing systems focusing on the identification of variety-induced non value adding emissions Author(s): R. Steinhilper , A. Kruse , T. Drews Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 66 to 71 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

Today manufacturing companies need to raise their awareness about emissions (e.g. CO2 equivalents) and their origins within a manufacturing system. The identification of origins of emissions becomes progressively difficult because of the customer and competition driven increase in product and process variants and the corresponding high level of complexity. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance the ecological transparency in manufacturing systems. This paper introduces an assessment methodology which increases the ecological transparency through the identification of variety-induced ecological effects. Furthermore, the developed methodology enables the user to detect starting points for an ecological optimization of a manufacturing system by the use of organizational measures. The effects of influencing variables are presented on the basis of a case study. The obtained results allow manufacturing companies to reveal and reduce variety-induced non value adding emissions.

Title: Sustainable factory profile: A concept to support the design of future sustainable industries Author(s): U. Dombrowski , C. Riechel Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 72 to 77 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

The German industry caused more than a quarter (27.8%) of the total energy consumption. Factories have a high influence in resource saving during the realization of a factory and the production process. First “CO2 neutral factories” and “zero-emission factories” were realized in the last years. But they are just point solutions and these concepts are rarely used by enterprises in Germany. As part of an energy efficient optimization of factories, it is necessary to extend the focus of planning and to consider the location, the design, the integration into the environment and the potential of modern energy efficiency. Particularly the factories provides additional high saving potentials for the company. Low emission production methods or resourceefficient building practices offer opportunities for integrated environmental factory design. These approaches are integrated into the comprehensive concept “Sustainable Factory Profile (SFP)” which is described in this paper.

Title: TUT-Microfactory – A small-size, modular and sustainable production system Author(s): E. Järvenpää , R. Heikkilä , R. Tuokko Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 78 to 83 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

Micro and desktop factories are small size production systems suitable for fabricating and assembling small parts and products. The development originates in the early 1990’s Japan, where small machines were designed in order to save resources when producing small products. This paper introduces the modular TUTMicrofactory concept, developed at Tampere University of Technology during the past 15 years, and its applications. The sustainability of miniaturized production systems is discussed from three perspectives – environmental, economic and social. The main conclusion is that micro and desktop factories can remarkably enhance the sustainability of manufacturing from all these three perspectives.

Title: Environmental indicators applied to reality of Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) Author(s): M. Felicio , D.C. Amaral Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 84 to 89 Session: Value Creation View Abstract Full Paper

The Eco-Industrial Parks (EIP - Eco-Industrial Park) emerged as a new model of spatial organization for industrial arrangements. An important feature for an EIP is the adoption of the concept of industrial symbiosis (IS), in which companies reuse waste to reach a closed system, reducing environmental impact. The article describes an analysis of the environmental indicators used in EIPs through a systematic literature review (RBS). Results indicated that there are proposals to evaluate the waste stream and the symbiosis of an EIP through detailed indicators, which capture the need in a particular moment of time. The paper describes, compares and analyzes these proposals. As a result, it was shown that they have limitations described and exemplified in the text.

Title: The role of resource efficiency in engineering education Author(s): A. Abu Hanieh , A. Hasan , S. AbdElall , P. Krajnik Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 90 to 95 Session: Resource Utilization View Abstract Full Paper

The purpose of this paper is to address various issues of resource efficiency in the perspective of engineering education in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with particular focus on Occupied Palestinian Territory (Palestine). First, the paper reviews the concept of resource efficiency from several perspectives including energy, electricity and water related challenges, material management and solid waste management. Then the current state of the education and training is discussed along with some details regarding the developed resource accounting perspective for engineering education. Open knowledge platform is foreseen to aid the transition from problem to solution, bringing engineering education up front to tackle the resource efficiency challenges in the MENA region. Finally, capacity building through university graduates is considered as an important mechanism for raising awareness in resource efficiency.

Title: Upgradable system opportunities in order to rationalize materials Author(s): O. Pialot , D. Millet Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 96 to 101 Session: Resource Utilization View Abstract Full Paper

Design of more sustainable products is a fundamental priority in our society. New opportunities for facilitating the dissemination of the remanufacturing approach or the Product-Service Systems, or for increasing the lifetime of product (three ways for rationalizing of materials) are proposed by the integration of upgrades, functional enrichments brought to the product. This paper aims to show the need of product upgradability through a concrete study focused on four hypotheses: • H1- Upgradability concept requires a potential of disposed devices which still works. • H2- Upgradability concept requires a need for adaptability of product towards user needs. • H3- Upgradability concept requires a need for adaptability of product versus the competition. • H4- Upgradability concept is consistent with an accumulation of problems. The first results show the necessity to consider a new sort of "evolutionary" products for sustainability: Innovations with multiples upgrade cycles.

Title: Material efficiency in companies of the manufacturing industry: classification of measures Author(s): S. Fischer Conference: 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Year: 2013, Pages: from 102 to 107 Session: Resource Utilization View Abstract Full Paper

Improving material efficiency in the manufacturing industry is a sustainability imperative for companies due to economic and environmental advantages such as the reduction of material costs and resource use. Innovative solutions in terms of material efficiency measures are diverse and widespread. As a systematic assessment of efficiency approaches and their effects are likely to support dissemination and deployment, this paper aims to develop an approach that helps to classify material efficiency measures. The classification approach presents different dimensions and properties of material efficiency measures based on a literature analysis regarding existing classification approaches as well as on work that has been conducted for the Eco-Innovation Observatory. The classification has been designed as basis for an empirical impact assessment of material efficiency measures based on a data sample that stems from the German Material Efficiency Agency.

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